Back to the future? US alliances and extended nuclear deterrence
Is nuclear extended deterrence undergoing a revival – and if so, what does this mean for Australia’s alliance with the US, and the future of Northeast Asian security? Nuclear weapons were a defining feature of the Cold War, but since the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 they seemed to have lost much of their practical relevance. Now, however, Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and overt nuclear threats against NATO allies have raised collective defence, extended deterrence and reassurance to the top of the agenda in Washington and Brussels once more. What this will mean for NATO’s remaining arrangements for the sharing of nuclear weapons and close nuclear policy cooperation will have repercussions far beyond Europe itself.
US alliances in Europe and Asia today are more integrated, and similar, than they were during the Cold War. In the face of North Korean nuclear tests, attacks on South Korea, and the rise of China, formal exchanges on extended deterrence have already emerged in the US alliances with Japan and South Korea. Understanding the future of extended nuclear deterrence will be critical as Australia engages more closely with strategic developments in Northeast Asia. In this seminar, Dr Stephan Frühling presents emerging conclusions from an ongoing project examining the management of extended deterrence in Europe and Asia.
Dr Stephan Frühling is a Senior Lecturer in The Australian National University’s Strategic and Defence Studies Centre. He is a member of the Australian Government’s external panel of experts advising on the development of the 2015 Defence White Paper, and a Chief Investigator on the ARC Discovery Project on Small Allies and Extended Nuclear Deterrence. He was the inaugural Director of Studies of the ANU Master in Military Studies program at the Australian Command and Staff College from October 2011 to June 2012, the Deputy Director of Studies until the end of 2013, and a Managing Editor of the journal Security Challenges from 2006 to 2014. His publications include Australia’s Nuclear Policy (with Andrew O’Neil and Michael Clarke), Defence Planning and Uncertainty, and A History of Australian Strategic Policy Since 1945. Dr Frühling’s primary areas of research include Australian national security policy, defence planning, nuclear weapons and ballistic missile defence.
The National Security College is a joint initiative of the Commonwealth Government and ANU.